This section covers information about mental health stigma, access and treatment, and provides recommendations for employers and resources on NGOs/National Campaigns in China.
There is a severe shortage of mental health professionals in China. A look at the numbers:
- 4x: Concentration of psychiatrists is four times lower than the global average.
- 100 patients: Anecdotal reports say that psychiatrists see up to 100 patients per day; they use assistants to write prescriptions while they move quickly from person to person, spending little time with a minimal amount of privacy.14
- Regional impacts: Resources in the country are uneven. In general, the eastern and central regions are more developed and account for 40%-50% of all medical care in the country. The western regions of the country lack sufficient health care,15 including mental health treatment. Huge needs in the treatment of the mentally ill have led to an increase of unregistered and inadequately trained psychologists who are unable to provide proper diagnosis and treatment to the patients.16
As a result, an estimated 90% of people with mental health disorders have never sought treatment,17 and some do get worse instead of better.16
Stigma surrounding mental health conditions is extremely high in China. For some, this stigma creates fear of getting help even when treatment is available.14
- Some think that people with psychiatric conditions are possessed by evil spirits.
- Many see mental disorders as a sign of weakness.18
- Many regard them as socially contagious:18
- A relative of someone with a serious disorder may find it hard to marry.18
Mental hospital beds: 24.29 per 100,000 population.
Total mental health workers: 8.75 per 100,000 population.National health insurance or reimbursement scheme includes the care and treatment of persons with major mental disorders (defined as psychosis, bipolar disorder, depression)
No government-adopted or national policy for suicide prevention strategy.
The government has put some policies and programs in place to address mental health issues in recent years.19
- Legislation: First mental health law in 2013.13
- Law only allows hospitalization against an individual’s will if that person is a danger to themselves or others.19
Addressing Mental Health in China
Introduction & Full GuideAddressing Mental Health From a Global and Local Perspective
Part 1Think Global: Strategies that Multinational Employers Use Worldwide
Part 2Act Local: How Access, Stigma and Coverage Vary in Key Markets and Their Impact on Employer Offerings
Part 3Addressing Mental Health in China
Part 4Addressing Mental Health in France
Part 5Addressing Mental Health in India
Part 6Addressing Mental Health in Italy
Part 7Addressing Mental Health in Japan
Part 8Addressing Mental Health in Mexico
Part 9Addressing Mental Health in South Africa
Part 10Addressing Mental Health in Spain
Part 11Addressing Mental Health in United Kingdom
Part 12Addressing Mental Health in United Arab Emirates
Part 13Mental Health Guide: Example Employer Tools and Resources
More TopicsArticles & Guides Mental and Emotional Well-being Asia Pacific (APAC)
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